What Are Menstrual Cramps? Its Symptoms and Treatment

What Are Menstrual Cramps? Its Symptoms and Treatment

Top gynecologists in Hyderabad can treat menstrual cramps and thus provide much relief. Best hospitals for gynecology in Hyderabad have required facilities for women suffering from menstrual cramps.

A rather sudden, brief, unintended (involuntary), and painful contraction of a muscle or group of muscles is referred to as a menstrual cramp health issue. Top gynecologist in Hyderabad are well equipped to deal with this health issue.

Menstrual cramps (algomenorrhea) are a pain syndrome of varying intensity that does accompany menstruation. It is manifested by cramping or aching pain in one’s lower abdomen during the first day or during the entire menstruation. Severe pain can significantly worsen a woman’s well-being and limit her activity. The best hospitals for gynecology in Hyderabad can treat these cramps well.

Several women have menstrual cramps just before and during their menstrual periods. For a few women, the discomfort is merely annoying. For others, menstrual cramps can indeed be severe enough to interfere with everyday activities for a few days every month. Conditions such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids can rather lead to menstrual cramps.

For some women, the discomfort is very annoying. For others, menstrual cramps can be severe enough to rather interfere with everyday activities for a few days every month.

Also Read, When & Signs to See a Gynecologist.

Health issues such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids can also cause menstrual cramps. Treating the cause is no doubt an important factor that reduces the pain. Menstrual cramps that are not caused by another condition tend to lessen with age and often do improve after giving birth.


  • Pain that begins 1 to 3 days before period, 
  • Tends to peak 24 hours after the onset of the period and subsides in 2 to 3 days 
  • Pain that does radiate to one’s lower back as well as thighs
  • Dull, continuous ache

Few women also have:

  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Loose stools
  • Headache
  • Dizziness 

If one’s menstrual cramps are rather due to a disorder such as endometriosis or fibroids, surgery to correct this problem may help to get rid of symptoms. Surgical removal of the uterus also can be an option if other approaches tend to fail to ease one’s symptoms and if a person is not planning to have children.

What Are Menstrual Cramps? Its Symptoms and Treatment

When to see a doctor

Seeing the health care provider is required if:

  • Menstrual cramps tend to disrupt one’s life every month
  • The symptoms tend to progressively worsen
  • If a person has just started having severe menstrual cramps after age 25


During one’s menstrual period, the uterus does contract to help expel its lining. Hormone-like substances (prostaglandins) do involve pain as well as inflammation and trigger uterine muscle contractions. Higher levels of prostaglandins are rather associated with more-severe menstrual cramps.

Menstrual cramps can be caused by:

  • Endometriosis: Tissue that does act similar to the lining of one’s uterus and tends to grow outside of one’s uterus, most commonly on fallopian tubes, ovaries, or the tissue lining one’s pelvis.
  • Uterine fibroids: These noncancerous growths in the wall of the uterus can rather cause pain.
  • Adenomyosis: The tissue that lines one’s uterus begins to grow into the muscular walls of the woman’s uterus.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease: This infection of the female reproductive organs is due to sexually transmitted bacteria.
  • Cervical stenosis: In some women, the opening of their cervix is small enough to impede menstrual flow, thus causing a painful increase of pressure within one’s uterus.

Common Causes

  • Vigorous exercise
  • Certain medications
  • Physical labor

Risk factors

The risk of menstrual cramps is there if:

  • The person is younger than age 30
  • If puberty is early, at age 11 or younger
  • She bleeds heavily during periods (menorrhagia)
  • If she has irregular menstrual bleeding (metrorrhagia)
  • If she has a family history of menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea)
  • If she smokes


Menstrual cramps do not lead to other medical complications, but they can rather interfere with school, work as well as social activities.

Certain conditions that are associated with menstrual cramps can be having complications. Endometriosis can rather cause fertility problems. Pelvic inflammatory disease can indeed scar her fallopian tubes, thus increasing the risk of a fertilized egg implanting outside of one’s uterus (ectopic pregnancy).

Leave a Reply