We presume headaches are normal and take it very casually, but sometimes those normal casual headaches may lead to much serious problems like migraine. Migraines headaches are becoming quite common these days. There are many number of people facing these problems. It occurs in children and adults, women are more prone to migraine than men. At first doctors and researchers thought that migraines are due to dilation and constriction of blood vessels in the head, later on after lot of research they are believing it to be a genetic cause which causes the neurological abnormalities in the brain that causes the migraine. Still a lot is to be researched for the complete pathophysiology of migraine in order to treat it.
There are many hypothesis for the cause of migraine headaches. Even improper diet causes migraine. Lot of stress and pressure at work and home is also believed one of the main reason for increasing migraines cases.
Migraine headaches show four different stages, it varies from individual to individual the degree of the headache and all the four stages may not be seen in an individual
- The prodrome, which occurs hours or days before the headache
- The aura, which immediately precedes the headache
- The pain phase, also known as headache phase
- The postdrome, the effects experienced following the end of a migraine attack
There are many symptoms associated with migraine, since they are very peculiar and vary individual to individual. These are the observed signs and symptoms of migraine patients
- Radiating pain
- Lack of concentration
- Photophobia (light phobioa)
- Phonophobia (Sound phobia)
- Disturbed appetite
- Blurred vision
- Temporary blindness
- Double vision
- Poor concentration
- Stuffy nose
- Tummy (abdominal) pain
- Passing lots of urine
- Going pale
- Scalp tenderness
- Sensations of heat or cold
- Ringing in the ears
- Jerky eye movements
- Trouble hearing
- Slurred speech
Treatment – Painkillers
Paracetamol or aspirin works well for many migraine attacks. Take a dose as early as possible after symptoms begin. If you take painkillers early enough, they often reduce the severity of the headache, or stop it completely. A lot of people do not take a painkiller until a headache becomes really bad. This is often too late for the painkiller to work well.
Anti-inflammatory painkillers probably work better than paracetamol. They include ibuprofen and aspirin.