Home / Diseases & Conditions / Hansen’s disease commonly called as leprosy

Hansen’s disease commonly called as leprosy

Leprosy is caused due to bacterial infection caused due to Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromotasis. Leprosy got its name as Hansen’s disease after the physician Gerhard Armauer Hansen who discovered the bacteria. Read about Hansen’s disease commonly called as leprosy

what is leprosy

Leprosy is primarily granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of respiratory tract. Leprosy is spread between people. This is believed to occur through a cough or contact with fluid from the nose of an infected person. It occurs more commonly among those living in poverty and is believed to be transmitted by respiratory droplets.It is not very contagious.

Leprosy Symptoms

  • Initially, infection is without symptoms and typically remains latent for 5 to as long as 20 years
  • Weakness and poor eyesight
  • Skin lesions (light or dark patches) are the primary external sign
  • If untreated, leprosy can progress and cause permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs, and eyes.
  • Leprosy does not cause body parts to fall off, although they can become numb or diseased as a result of secondary infections, these occur as a result of the body’s defenses being compromised by the primary disease
  • Secondary infections, in turn, can result in tissue loss causing fingers and toes to become shortened and deformed, as cartilage is absorbed into the bodyHansen's disease commonly called as leprosy

leprosy,  leprosy symptoms, types of leprosy

The two main types of disease are based on the number of bacteria present: paucibacillary and multibacillary.The two types are differentiated by the number of poorly pigmented, numb skin patches present, with paucibacillary having five or fewer and multibacillary having more than five.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis is confirmed by finding acid-fast bacilli in a biopsy of the skin

Detecting the DNA by polymerase chain reaction

Treatment

Leprosy is curable with treatment.Hansen's disease commonly called as leprosy

Treatment for paucibacillary leprosy is with the medications dapsone and rifampicin for 6 months.

Treatment for multibacillary leprosy consists of rifampicin, dapsone, and clofazimine for 12 months. A number of other antibiotics may also be used.

Related Posts

  • Bowmen’s disease – An early form of skin cancerBowmen’s disease is an early symptom of skin cancer, which can be treated at an early stage if not, it causes an unrepairable damage. It is characterized by appearance of red scaly patch […]
  • Tetanus often called as lock jawTetanus or lockjaw is a bacterial infection caused by Clostridium tetani. Tetanus infection causes severe muscles spasms, initially muscles spasms are seen near jaw and they are seen the […]
  • Severe Acute Respiratory syndrome (SARS )- An air borne diseaseSevere Acute Respiratory syndrome (SARS )- An air borne disease It’s a recently discovered syndrome, caused by a virus. Its first discovery and outbreak were in the year 2003. It is […]
  • Scabies- a contagious skin infectionScabies is a skin infection caused due a mite called as Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies causes severe itching, due to the severe itching people scratch which becomes red and bruises […]
  • Gingivitis- a common dental diseaseGingivitis- a common dental disease is gum disease caused by bacteria. It is quite common infection if proper oral hygiene is not maintained. It is a very mild condition which can be […]
  • Cystitis- Inflammation of bladder Cystitis is a bacterial infection of the urethra and urinary bladder. Urinary infection is more prevalent in females than in males. Bacteria get attached to the inner lining of the walls […]
  • Tuberculosis (TB)-Lung diseaseTuberculosis (TB)-Lung disease Tuberculosis is one of the most widespread infectious diseases caused due to bacterial infection. It is widely spread in developing countries due to poor […]
  • Measles also known as RubeolaMeasles also known as Rubeola Measles is a highly contagious infection caused by measles virus. It is also called as rubeola. The virus causing measles infection belongs to paramyxovirus […]
  • Symptoms of Iron Deficiency-AnemiaDo you experience severe tiredness? Do you suffer from the headaches? You might be showing signs of anemia. Even Though anemia shows the mild symptoms, it can lead to life-threatening […]

Check Also

Seven common causes of neck pain

Seven common causes of back neck pain

Neck pain will cause due to some reasons. Something as natural as sleeping in the …

Skip to toolbar