A healthy and balanced diet, enriched with all essential nutrients, is essential for overall well-being. Children and adults need adequate nutrition to ensure a healthy and long life. Malnutrition and the lack of these vital elements can lead to serious diseases and diseases. Read more about What Are The Diseases Caused By Nutritional Deficiencies
Table of Contents
Diseases caused by nutritional deficiencies:
Vitamin D deficiency with calcium and potassium in the body causes rickets. Rapture is characterized by weak, soft bones, curved legs, and bone deformations. Fish, fortified dairy products, liver, oil, and sunlight are sources rich in vitamin D. It may be necessary to resort to dietary supplements to compensate for the lack of “vitamin sol” in the body.
Dementia, diarrhea, dermatitis, and death are the “four Ds” that characterize Pellagra, a disease caused by lack of Niacin or B3 in the body. The deficiency of niacin is also accompanied by a few amino acids, tryptophan, and lysine or the excessive presence of lysine in the body. Foods enriched with niacin are tuna, whole grains, peanuts, mushrooms, chicken, etc. They should be consumed regularly to avoid this disease.
Alarming levels of vitamin C or ascorbic acid in the body can cause scurvy. Scurvy essentially inhibits the production of collagen in the body which is the structural protein that connects the tissues. Deterioration of the skin and gums, abnormal formation of teeth and bones, delay or inability to heal wounds and bleeding are the effects of scurvy on the body. Optimal consumption of vitamin C should be ensured by having citrus fruit such as oranges, lemon, strawberry, etc. and broccoli regularly.
4. Beri Beri:
The lack of vitamin B1 or thiamine in the body leads to the disease called beriberi. The most common symptoms of this condition are changes in muscle coordination, nerve degeneration, and cardiovascular problems. Meat, eggs, whole grains, dried beans, are rich in thiamine and therefore should be consumed in good condition every day to avoid this painful disease.
Xerophthalmia or night blindness is a by-product of poor growth, drought, and keratinization of epithelial tissue or chronic eye disease. The cause of this disease is attributed to vitamin A deficiency in the body. In aggravated situations, night blindness can aggravate to supplement vision loss. The safest way to improve vitamin A levels in the body is to consume natural food sources such as carrots, green and hard leafy vegetables, cantaloupe, and so on.
Iodine in the body is essential for normal cell metabolism in the body and iodine deficiency can cause goiter. Beef leads to enlarged thyroid glands causing hypothyroidism, poor growth and development of infants in childhood, cretinism and even mental retardation. This disease is commonly found in places with iodine-deficient soil. Iodized salt and saltwater fish are rich sources of iodine and should be consumed regularly to avoid goiter.
7. Iron Deficiency Anaemia:
Iron deficiency anemia is a disease caused by iron deficiency in the body. It is characterized by a decrease in the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the body, resulting in fatigue, weakness, dyspnea, and malaria of the body. It can be easily treated by switching to a healthy diet and consuming iron supplements on a regular basis. Squash, walnuts, tofu, sound etc. are rich sources of iron for the body.
Kwashiorkor is a deficiency disease caused by lack of protein and energy in the body. It is characterized by anorexia, liver hypertrophy, irritability and ulcerative dermatitis. This is one of the nutritional deficiencies in children, especially in areas targeted by starvation and places where food is poor, Kwashiorkor is caused by malnutrition. A healthy and balanced diet enriched with protein and carbohydrates such as eggs, lentils, rice, etc., helps to combat this problem.
The problems of depression, hair loss, rash and mental problems are caused by vitamin B7 deficiency or biotin. This impairment can be fatal if present in the aggravated form. Consume poultry products, dairy products, peanuts, hazelnuts, etc., which are rich sources of biotin. These should be consumed with supplements to recover and prevent these diseases.
Vitamin D deficiency and calcium in the body can negatively affect the health of the bones and spine. This leads to unhealthy, soft and fragile bones that are prone to fractures and defects in the structure of the spine. Bananas, spinach, milk, okra, soya, and sunlight are natural sources of vitamin D and calcium that act to eliminate this deficiency.
It is important to follow a healthy and balanced diet in order to live a healthy and disease free life. Besides eating a healthy diet, remember to exercise every day. This can help you avoid the causes and signs of nutritional deficiencies. Stay safe, stay healthy! Leave us your comments below.